What size of ovarian cyst is dangerous?

What size of ovarian cyst is dangerous

Are you experiencing discomfort in your abdominal area? 

Perhaps you’ve been diagnosed with an ovarian cyst and now have questions about its size. How big is too big? What size of ovarian cyst is dangerous? 

Whether seeking information for yourself or someone you care about, read on to discover valuable insights on ovarian cysts and their varying sizes.

What is an ovarian cyst?

Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that develop on one of the ovaries. The ovaries are reproductive organs responsible for producing eggs and releasing hormones like estrogen and progesterone. It’s important to note that ovarian cysts are common, especially during a woman’s childbearing years.

Types of ovarian cysts:

  • Functional cysts are a common type of ovarian cyst. These typically form during a woman’s menstrual cycle and often resolve independently without any intervention.
  • Follicular cysts occur when an egg follicle fails to release its egg or doesn’t dissolve after releasing it.
  • Another type is corpus luteum cysts which form from tissue left behind after ovulation. These usually disappear within a few weeks but may cause pain or bleeding if they rupture.
  • Endometriomas are associated with endometriosis, where the uterine lining grows outside the uterus. The tissue can attach to the ovaries and form cysts filled with old blood.
  • Dermoid cysts are rare and contain various types of tissues like hair, skin cells, teeth, etc., due to the abnormal development of eggs.


While these are some commonly encountered types of ovarian cysts, it’s important to remember that each case is unique. Consulting with a healthcare professional such as Dr. Sandesh Kade will help determine your specific type and guide you toward appropriate management options tailored to your needs.

ovarian cyst

How do you know if you have an ovarian cyst? - Symptoms

Ovarian cysts, although common, can often go unnoticed as they may not cause any symptoms. However, in some cases, women may experience certain signs that could indicate the presence of an ovarian cyst.

  • One of the most common symptoms is pelvic pain or discomfort. This pain can differ in intensity and duration and may be intermittent or constant. Some women describe it as a dull ache, while others experience sharp and sudden twinges. The location of the pain can also differ from person to person.
  • Another symptom to look out for is bloating or feeling fullness in the abdomen. This can occur due to the size of the cyst pressing on nearby organs or causing fluid accumulation.
  • Changes in menstrual cycles are also possible indicators. Women with ovarian cysts may experience irregular periods, heavier bleeding than usual, or missed periods altogether.
  • In certain cases, ovarian cysts can lead to hormonal imbalances, which might result in breast tenderness or enlargement changes.
  • Other less specific symptoms include frequent urination, difficulty emptying the bladder, constipation, or difficulty passing stools due to pressure on surrounding structures by large cysts.

It’s important to note that these symptoms are not exclusive to ovarian cysts and could also be caused by other conditions. Therefore, if you suspect you have an ovarian cyst based on these symptoms, you must consult your healthcare provider for a proper diagnosis.

Woman in painful expression holding hands against belly suffering menstrual period pain,sitting sad on home bed, having tummy cramp in female health concept

What size of ovarian cyst is dangerous?

When it comes to ovarian cysts, understanding their size and potential risks is essential for your health and well-being. Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that can develop on or within the ovaries. While most cysts are benign and resolve independently, knowing the average size of an ovarian cyst and what constitutes a normal size is crucial for early detection and timely medical intervention.

Average Size of an Ovarian Cyst

The average size of an ovarian cyst can vary widely among individuals. In most cases, ovarian cysts are small, measuring around 2 to 3 centimeters (about the size of a grape). These smaller cysts often go unnoticed and typically pose no cause for concern. They may even resolve without medical intervention.

Normal Size of Ovarian Cyst in mm

A normal size of ovarian cyst in mm is generally considered less than 5 centimeters (50 mm) in diameter. Cysts within this size range are commonly referred to as functional cysts. Functional cysts are a normal part of the menstrual cycle and usually develop due to egg maturation. Most functional cysts are small and harmless, causing little to no discomfort.

However, it’s important to note that even cysts within the normal size range can cause issues if they become twisted or rupture. This can lead to sudden and severe abdominal pain, warranting immediate medical attention.

Potential Dangers of Larger Ovarian Cysts

Ovarian cysts that exceed the normal size of ovarian cyst in mm potentially be more concerning. Cysts larger than 5 centimeters (50 mm) may increase the risk of complications and discomfort. 

These larger cysts could pressure nearby organs, leading to bloating, pelvic pain, or a sensation of fullness in the abdomen. While size is a factor, other aspects, such as the type of cyst and your health history, also play a role in determining the level of risk.

Monitoring and Seeking Medical Attention

Regular medical check-ups and pelvic examinations are crucial for monitoring the size and condition of ovarian cysts. If you experience persistent pelvic pain, changes in menstrual patterns, or other unusual symptoms, it’s important to consult a healthcare professional. They can conduct a thorough evaluation, including imaging tests such as ultrasound or MRI, to accurately assess the size and characteristics of the cyst.

Ovarian cyst treatment options

Here are some of the most common ovarian cyst treatment options:

  • Wait-and-See Approach: Often for symptom-free small cysts within the normal size range (less than 5 cm).
  • Medication: Birth control pills to regulate hormones and prevent new cyst formation, especially for larger cysts causing discomfort.
  • Surgical Options: Considered based on factors like size, type, and symptoms:
  • Cystectomy: Surgical removal of the cyst itself.
  • Oophorectomy: Removal of one or both ovaries in severe cases.


Minimally Invasive Procedures

  • Laparoscopy: Small incisions, faster recovery; commonly used for cystectomy.
  • Laparotomy: Extensive surgery, rarely used, often for suspected cancer.
  • Individualized Approach: Considering circumstances, a healthcare professional determines ovarian cyst treatment.

Book an appointment with Dr. Sandesh Kade

If you suspect you have an ovarian cyst or are experiencing any associated symptoms, seeking medical attention as soon as possible is crucial. Dr. Sandesh Kade is a renowned gynecologist specializing in ovarian cyst treatment.

With his expertise and experience, Dr. Kade can comprehensively evaluate your condition and recommend the most appropriate action. Whether it involves monitoring the cyst, prescribing medication, or performing minimally invasive surgery if necessary, he will tailor the ovarian cyst treatment plan to meet your needs.

Book your appointment today!